Luckily whether you have a GED or PHD, you can learn the layout of the different airspace that makes up the NAS (national airspace system).
We’ll start off covering just a basic overview of class G airspace, class E airspace, and class D airspace, and then the busier types, including Class A, Class B, and Class C airspace.
Here’s what to keep in mind over the next few TOPICS.
The three most common phrases in aviation are “Was that for us?” “What’d he say?” and “Oh Sh*t!” Since computers are now involved in flying, a new one has been added: “What’s it doing now?”
If you are completing your flight training in Alaska, please complete these additional lessons separately: https://learn.fly8ma.com/courses/flying-in-alaska/
Class A, B and C airspace are all controlled airspace. Although it is designated as such because the sky is a little bit busier in those areas with air traffic, you shouldn’t be intimidated to fly and operate in this type of airspace. To give you an idea of what kind of airports fall into the B and C category we’ll list some examples below.
You might be wondering where Class A airspace comes into play in all of this? Class A airspace is a single layer that covers the entire globe from FL180 (18,000′ msl) to FL600 (60,000′ msl). It is not associated with any particular airport. We’ll talk about it more in the next TOPIC.
Well that’s a great question…. Especially since we just finished teaching you about how to contact a Class D airport tower and are about to talk about contacting a Class C airport tower. So we actually have a way to handle this when you are flying if for whatever reason you lose communication with the tower. These same procedures are used by pilots who don’t even have radios installed in their airplanes and cannot communicate with the tower and deaf pilots who are landing at a towered airport too!
How ATC will communicate with you is via “LIGHT GUN SIGNALS” or basically shining a bright light at you from the control tower cab aimed right at your airplane. The color and sequence of the light tells you what to do, and the signals mean slightly different things if you are on the ground or in the air. Check out the diagram below and even reference our article on RADIO FAILURES HERE.
Well, the simplest answer is land at a non-towered airport if you are near one, and the second simplest answer is land at a towered airport if you are already in their airspace and approaching to land or just flying laps in the traffic pattern. You might also consider some troubleshooting tips listed below: